We cannot rule out the possibility of publication bias, whereby studies failing to detect significant relationships were not published, or studies for which selective reporting of only positive associations were published. Therefore, we provide an update to previous reviews focusing on findings from longitudinal study designs. Click here for file 59K, doc. Two studies evaluated drinkers and non-drinkers separately. Saffer H, Dave D.
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Alcohol Advertising and Youth
It is certainly plausible that advertising would have an effect on youth consumer behaviour, as has been shown for tobacco [ 61 ] and food marketing [ 62 ]. Where this was not clear, the full text of the articles was retrieved for further screening. The rationale for restricting the review to prospective cohort studies is that they provide the highest level of evidence that is available for evaluation of advertising and marketing exposure and subsequent drinking behaviour. We have specifically focused on substantive behavioural outcomes — alcohol use — effects of alcohol advertising on teens than surrogate outcomes such as brand awareness, or attitudes or intentions towards drinking as the exact causal relationship between surrogate outcomes and subsequent drinking behaviour is unclear. Effect of seeing tobacco use in films on trying smoking among adolescents:
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Adult outcomes of binge drinking in adolescence: Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. On the one hand the International Center for Alcohol Policy ICAP reported in to a World Health Organisation WHO meeting [ 1 ] that there is no compelling evidence of an association between advertising and drinking patterns or rates of abuse among young people, noting that:. Baseline non-drinkers were significantly more likely to have become a drinker at follow-up with greater exposure to alcohol advertisements.
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